Data Center vs Server Room
The Advantages of Onsite Servers
The advantages of maintaining your own server facility all come down to the fact that it's yours. All of the responsibility falls on you, but in exchange, you get to enjoy all of the benefits that only your company can control.
You'll be the sole manager of your own facilities, and you can modify your system on your own terms, to accommodate any shifting needs, including expansion as your business scales up. That kind of versatile customization can be particularly useful if your system is unusually complicated, large, or includes many diverse applications.
You are also able to manage your own security – which, again, grants you control over your system in a way that moving it offsite cannot provide.
The Disadvantages of Onsite Servers
The downsides of maintaining your own server room extend well beyond the substantial workload involved, although this parameter is surely significant to say the least. You may want your IT team to focus on initiatives that directly relate to your business, but when they're required to spend their time on maintaining the health of the server stacks and physical infrastructure as well, their attention will be split.
When your data is stored in one physical location, backups are less effective. In the event of theft, fire, flood or other disaster, you could end up losing everything with no recourse for recovery.
Keeping your network local, moreover, makes it harder to expand your business to new locations. When you do open up new branches, you'll need to find good solutions for everyone to connect to headquarters, instead of both locations connecting to a facility that's made for offsite networking, which is the case with data centers.
Up-front spending is significant when you invest in your own onsite servers, and you won't have any way of knowing from the get-go how much capacity for growth you need to account for, so you'll end up purchasing a system that's either more powerful than you need or that isn't able to grow as your data needs expand.
The Advantages of Using a Data Center
Particularly if you are running a small business or just starting up your business, you may find value in keeping your servers in a data center, where the combined buying power with other companies taking advantage of the same services helps to keep your costs down.
By handing off the maintenance responsibilities, you are also far less likely to experience network outages, since data centers necessarily have redundant backup systems for network access, electricity and climate control. Many even have their own backup power generators, which means that even in the case of a local power utility outage, they remain up and running – and through no extra effort on your part.
Depending on the nature of the data center, you may or may not have the ability to determine when your scheduled maintenance down times will be, and you may or may not be able to choose what hardware is being used for your server stacks. For many businesses, the colocation model is extremely attractive, as it allows you to bring your own hardware to the shared facility.
The Disadvantages of Data Centers
Although the financial burden involved with infrastructure and maintenance for an onsite server can be significant, your “upfront” costs for moving to a data center can be surprisingly high as well. Particularly if you opt for a colocation data center, where you provide both hardware and software, there may be major spending involved.
Even when the data center provides all of these resources, though, you are likely to have to pay initial subscription and setup fees. Note that over time, these fees may begin to feel negligible, especially as compared to the ongoing cost of an in-house server stack.
When you remove your server from your premises, you're going to lose a certain degree of potential for in-house oversight and control. If you completely outsource your server stack, you end up being fully dependent on the data center for maintenance, security and uptime. This may well be to your advantage, but many prefer to be less dependent on remote third parties.
Making the Best Decision for You
When approaching the decision whether to make use of a data center or to opt for your own server room, you will have many factors to consider, many of which come down to personal preferences. There are many factors to take into account, and the decision can be tough.
The best way to make this decision, therefore, is to consult with an expert who can assist you in determining which of these pros and cons should outweigh others given the specifics of your case. Turning to an experienced, knowledgeable consultant to assist your course of action can be a major advantage.